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ནོའོ་བྷེལ་བྱ་དགའ་རགས་མཁན་གྱི་མིང་ཐོ།

ལོ་རྒྱུས།Edit

མིང་ཐོ།Edit



ཕྱི་ལོ། Laureate རྒྱལ་ཁབ། Rationale
1901   Jean Henry Dunant སུད་སི། "[for] his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross"[༡][༢]
  Frédéric Passy ཧྥ་རན་སི། "[for] being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress."[༡][༢]
1902   Élie Ducommun སུད་སི། "Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[༣]
  Charles Albert Gobat སུད་སི། "Secretary General, Inter-Parliamentary Union; Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[༣]
1903   William Randal Cremer དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Member, British Parliament; Secretary, International Arbitration League"[༤]
1904 Institut de Droit International Belgium "for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law."[༡][༥]
1905   Bertha von Suttner Austria-Hungary "Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau; Author of Lay Down Your Arms"[༦]
1906   Theodore Roosevelt ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[༡][༧]
1907   Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italy "President, Lombard League of Peace,"[༨] was "prominent as a worker for peace in Italy."[༩]
  Louis Renault ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Professor International Law,"[༨] was "the permanent delegate of France to The Hague Tribunal."[༩]
1908   Klas Pontus Arnoldson Sweden "Founder of Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"[༡༠]
Fredrik Bajer Denmark "[for his]work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau"[༡][༡༠]
1909   Auguste Marie François Beernaert Belgium "Former Prime Minister; Member, Belgian Parliament; Member of Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage"[༡༡]
  Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Member, French Parliament (Sénateur); Founder and President of French parliamentary group for voluntary arbitration; Founder, Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation"[༡༡]
1910   International Peace Bureau སུད་སི། "Founded in 1891"[༡༢]
1911   Tobias Michael Carel Asser The Netherlands "Initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague; Cabinet Minister; Lawyer"[༡༣]
  Alfred Hermann Fried Austria "Journalist; Founder of Die Friedenswarte"[༡༣]
1912   Elihu Root ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Former Secretary of State; Originator of various treaties of arbitration"[༡༤]
1913   Henri La Fontaine Belgium "Member, Belgian Parliament (Sénateur); President, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[༡༥]
1914 Not awarded
1915
1916
1917   International Committee of the Red Cross སུད་སི། [༡༦]
1918 Not awarded
1919   Woodrow Wilson ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "President of United States of America; Founder of the League of Nations"[༡༧]
1920   Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Former Secretary of State; President, French Parliament (Sénat); President, Council of the League of Nations"[༡༨]
1921   Hjalmar Branting Sweden "Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate, Council of the League of Nations"[༡༩]
Christian Lous Lange Norway "Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[༡༩]
1922   Fridtjof Nansen Norway "Scientist; Explorer; Norwegian Delegate, League of Nations; Originator of "Nansen passports""[༢༠]
1923 Not awarded
1924
1925   Austen Chamberlain དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Foreign Secretary; Part-originator of Locarno Pact"[༢༡]
  Charles Gates Dawes ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Vice-President of United States of America; Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission (Originator of "Dawes Plan")"[༢༡]
1926   Aristide Briand ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg Pact"[༢༢]
  Gustav Stresemann Germany "Former Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-kanzler); Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact"[༢༢]
1927 Ferdinand Buisson ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Formerly Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris; Founder and President, League for Human Rights"[༢༣]
  Ludwig Quidde Germany "Professor, Berlin University; Member, German Parliament; Participant of various peace conferences"[༢༣]
1928 Not awarded
1929   Frank B. Kellogg ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Former Secretary of State; Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact"[༢༤]
1930   Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom Sweden "Archbishop; Leader in the ecumenical movement"[༢༥]
1931   Jane Addams ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[༢༦]
  Nicholas Murray Butler ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "President, Columbia University; Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact"[༢༦]
1932 Not awarded
1933   Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Writer; Member, Executive Committee of the League of Nations and of National Peace Council"[༢༧]
1934   Arthur Henderson དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Former Foreign Secretary; President, Disarmament Conference in 1932"[༢༨]
1935   Carl von Ossietzky འཇར་མན་ནི། "Journalist (die Weltbühne); Pacifist"[༢༩]
1936   Carlos Saavedra Lamas ཨར་ཇི་ཊི་ན། "Secretary of State; President, League of Nations; Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia"[༣༠]
1937   The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Writer, Former Lord Privy Seal; Founder and President, International Peace Campaign"[༣༡]
1938 Nansen International Office For Refugees སུད་སི། "An international relief organization, started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921"[༣༢]
1939 Not awarded
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944   International Committee of the Red Cross སུད་སི། [༣༣]
1945   Cordell Hull ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Former Secretary of State; Prominent participant in the originating of the United Nations"[༣༤]
1946   Emily Greene Balch ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[༣༥]
  John Raleigh Mott ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[༣༥]
1947 Friends Service Council དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། [༣༦]
American Friends Service Committee ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
1948 Not awarded
1949 The Lord Boyd-Orr དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations"[༣༧]
1950   Ralph Bunche ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948"[༣༨]
1951 Léon Jouhaux ཧྥ་རན་སི། "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations"[༣༩]
1952   Albert Schweitzer ཧྥ་རན་སི། "Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)"[༤༠]
1953   George Catlett Marshall ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of "Marshall Plan""[༤༡]
1954   United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees སུད་སི། "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[༤༢]
1955 Not awarded
1956
1957   Lester Bowles Pearson ཁེ་ན་ཌ། "former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly";[༤༣] "for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."[༡]
1958   Georges Pire འབེལ་ཇམ། "Father of the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde""[༤༤]
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"[༤༥]
1960   Albert Lutuli ལྷོ་ཨཕ་རི་ཀ "President of the African National Congress,"[༤༦] "was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa."[༡]
1961 75px Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld སུཝི་ཌན། "Secretary General of the U.N.,"[༤༧] awarded "for strengthening the organization."[༡]
1962   Linus Carl Pauling ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"[༤༨]
1963   International Committee of the Red Cross སུད་སི། [༤༩]
  League of Red Cross societies སུད་སི།
1964   Martin Luther King, Jr. ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "campaigner for civil rights"[༥༠]
1965 United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) United Nations "An international aid organization." [༥༡]
1966 Not awarded
1967
1968   René Cassin ཧྥ་རན་སི། "President of the European Court for Human Rights"[༥༢]
1969 International Labour Organization United Nations [༥༣]
1970   Norman E. Borlaug ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[༥༤] "for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[༡]
1971   Willy Brandt འཇར་མན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany's Ostpolitik"[༥༥]
1972 Not awarded
1973   Henry A. Kissinger ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"[༥༦][༡]
Lê Ðức Thọ (refused) Democratic Republic of Vietnam
1974 75px Seán MacBride Ireland "President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia."[༥༧] "For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[༡]
Eisaku Sato ཉི་ཧོང་། "Prime Minister of Japan,"[༥༧] "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"[༡]
1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov Soviet Union "[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"[༥༨][༥༩]
༡༩༧༦   བྷེ་ཊི་ཝེལ་ལམ། ཨར་ལེན་ཌ། "Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"[༦༠]
75px མེ་རི་ཌུ་ཁོ་རེ་གྷན་མ་གྷུ་རེ། དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ།
1977 Amnesty International དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "[for] protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience"[༦༡][༡]
1978   Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat Egypt "for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"[༦༢]
  Menachem Begin Israel
1979   ཡུམ་ཆེན་ཏེ་རེ་ས། རྒྱ་གར། "Leader of Missionaries of Charity"[༦༣]
༡༩༨༠ 75px ཨ་ཌོལ་ཧྥོ་པེ་རེ་ཛུ། ཨར་ཇེན་ཊི་ན། "Human rights leader;"[༦༤] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)."[༡]
1981   United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees འཛམ་གླིང་རྒྱལ་ཚོགས། "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[༦༥]
1982   Alva Myrdal སུཝི་ཌེན། "[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[༦༦][༦༧]
Alfonso García Robles Mexico
༡༩༨༣   ལིས་ཆི་ཝེ་ལིས་ས། ཕོ་ལན། "Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[༦༨]
༡༩༨༤   ཌེ་སི་མོན་ཌི་ཏུ་ཏུ། ལྷོ་ཨ་ཧྥེ་རི་ཁ། "Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches"[༦༩]
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། For "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues."[༧༠]
1986   Elie Wiesel ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[༧༡]
1987   Óscar Arias Sánchez ཀོསུཊ་རི་ཀ "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[༧༢]
1988   United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཚོགས། "[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"[༧༣][༧༤]
༡༩༨༩ ཏ་ལའི་བླ་མ། བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ། རྒྱ་གར། "In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."[༧༥][༧༦]
1990   Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev Soviet Union President of the Soviet Union, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"[༧༧]
༡༩༩༡ 75px ཨང་སན་སུའུ་ཁེའི། འབར་མ། "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[༧༨]
༡༩༩༢   རི་གྷོ་བྷེར་ཏ་མེན་ཆུ་ཏུམ། གྭ་ཏེ་མ་ལ། "[for] her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[༧༩]
༡༩༩༣   ནེལ་སོན་མཱན་ཌེ་ལ། ལྷོ་ཨ་ཧྥེ་རི་ཁ། "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[༨༠]
  Frederik Willem de Klerk ལྷོ་ཨཕི་རི་ཀ
1994   Yasser Arafat པ་ལི་སུཏེན། "to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."[༨༡]
  Yitzhak Rabin Israel
  Shimon Peres Israel
1995   Joseph Rotblat དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[༨༢]
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs Canada
1996   Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo East Timor "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[༨༣]
  José Ramos-Horta East Timor
༡༩༩༧   International Campaign to Ban Landmines ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[༨༤]
  ཇོ་ཌེ་ཝེ་ལེམ། ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
1998   John Hume དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ། "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[༨༥]
  David Trimble དབྱིན་ཇི་མཉམ་འབྲེལ།
1999 75px Médecins Sans Frontières སུད་སི། "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"[༨༦]
2000   Kim Dae Jung South Korea "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[༨༧]
2001   United Nations "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[༨༨]
  Kofi Annan Ghana
༢༠༠༢   ཇི་མི་ཀར་ཀྲར། ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[༨༩]
༢༠༠༣   ཤི་རིན་ཨེ་བྷ་ཌི། ཡི་ལང་། "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."[༩༠]
༢༠༠༤   ཝང་གྷ་རི་མཱ་ཐཱི། ཁེ་ནི་ཡ། "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[༩༡]
༢༠༠༥   International Atomic Energy Agency Austria "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"[༩༢]
  ཨེལ་བྷ་ར་སྒྲེ། ཨའི་ཅི།
2006   Muhammad Yunus Bangladesh "for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"[༩༣]
75px Grameen Bank Bangladesh
༢༠༠༧   Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change སུད་སི། "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[༩༤]
  ཨཱལ་གྷོར། ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
༢༠༠༨   མེར་ཁྲེས་ཨ་ཁྲེ་ས་རེས། ཧྥིན་ལན། "for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[༩༥]
༢༠༠༩   བ་རག་ཨོ་པྰ་མ། ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."[༩༦]
༢༠༡༠ ལིའུ་ཞ་པོ། ཀྲུང་ཧྭ་མི་དམངས་སྤྱི་མཐུན་རྒྱལ་ཁབ། "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"[༩༧]

ཟིན་ཐོ་འམ་དཔྱད་གཞི།Edit

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དཔྱད་གཞིའི་དཀར་ཆག།Edit

ད་དུང་གཟིགས།Edit

ཕྱི་ཕྱོགས་དྲ་མཐུད།Edit